Antisocial Personality Disorder
Antisocial Personality Disorder is a mental disorder in which the person’s way of thinking, perceiving, and reacting towards other people during social exchanges becomes dysfunctional and often destructive. People suffering from it usually have no regards for other people’s rights or wishes.
People suffering with it tend to treat others with a harsh indifference and often act negatively or violently towards others without remorse or guilt for breaking rules. They are often aggressive and impulsive. It falls under the erratic/dramatic cluster of personality disorders and is a documented mental illness. Some other personality disorders are Schizoid, Schizopytal, Boderline, Histrionic, etc.
Signs and Symptoms
The first signs of this personality disorder may appear during childhood and often continue into teenage and late adulthood in most people. This is a lifetime personality disorder, however, the severity and the aggressiveness of the symptoms may reduce over a period of time as the person grows older. Some common signs and symptoms include:
- Violent tendencies
- Lack of empathy
- No regard for right and wrong
- Lying and deception, mostly in order to put others through pain and suffering
- Manipulating others for sheer pleasure
- Displaying a sense of superiority and being egoistic
- Disregard for the law
- Neglecting children and family
- Misrepresentation of facts in order to cause harm to others
- Risk-taking behavior, usually involving others’ lives
- Abusive relationships
- Irresponsible behavior
Causes and Risk Factors
Personality is a combination of what the person thinks and how the society shapes the person. Aggression, perception, visualization, and the way a person relates with other human beings is a function of the person’s lineage and genetics. Therefore, antisocial traits may be passed down to an offspring from a parent. In some unique cases, genetic variations may cause it even if neither of the parents has had an anti-social orientation.
Additionally, cultural traditions, neighborhood “rules,” and the way a person has been brought up play a major part in shaping a person’s perception and behavior towards the society. Children who are brought up in environments where selfishness and disregard are rampant have a greater risk of growing into antisocial adults.
Individuals with antisocial disorder are subject to a lot of risks, including:
- Aggressive behavior
- Substance abuse
- Criminal inclination
- Suicidal ideation
- Causing harm to loved ones
- Lack of ability to socialize with peers
The most efficient way to treat antisocial personality disorder is by entering a rehabilitation facility that specializes in treatment for antisocial tendencies. Antisocial behavior disorder is one of the toughest disorders to treat because the patients may not be willing to get the required treatment. In most cases, patients are given tranquilizers and depressants to lower their aggression when they are being treated.
In cognitive behavior therapy, the patient is exposed to a number of social stimuli and taught how to behave as a reaction to such stimuli. The patients are made aware about their negative social connotations and the repercussions of their behaviors.