Avoidant Personality Disorder
Defining Avoidant Personality Disorder
Avoidant personality disorder, otherwise known as anxious personality disorder, is characterized as experiencing feelings of nervousness and loneliness during social interactions. Such people feel unwanted by others and suffer from feelings of isolation. Anxious personality can be described by escapable and doubtful behavior of a person towards his or her worth in a social setting. People who suffer from anxious personality is self-doubting and always look to evaluate their worth in a social environment. Their behavior is characterized by negativity, hesitation and disbelief.
Such people want to be a part of the social system. However, lack of self-esteem and fear of humiliation tends to hold them back from socializing. This type of abnormality in behavior makes people feel socially incompetent and personally unattractive. anxious personality can be described as general social phobia in social situations that prevents him or her from being comfortable with people. Some other personality disorders are Antisocial, Schzoid, Schizopytal, Borderline, Histrionic, Dependent, etc.
Signs and Symptoms
- Self detestation
- Low self-esteem
- Extreme anxiety while in public
- Display of escapist attitude
- Huge inferiority complex
- Extreme sensitivity to criticism
- Extreme fear of public speaking
- Attempting to come across as likable
- Preoccupation with their peers’ perceptions of them
Causes and Risk Factors
Avoidant personality disorder can be mistaken for other personality disorders. The reasons or cause for anxious personality has to do with the psyche of a person and his/her reaction to the external social factors. There is high probability that a child picks up this abnormality in personality form the genes of either of the parents or a blood relative.
Various psychological factors like childhood neglect by parents compared to other siblings or peer group rejection at school can collectively lead to this personality disorder in predisposed individuals. Children who are on their way to adolescence are the most vulnerable to this abnormal personality. The risk of anxious personality can be increased by the following
- Anxious childhood memories
- Continuous criticism during growing up years
- Low self-reliance
- Family history
- Inhibition in public
People with this personality disorder tend to suffer continually as it is an ongoing process. Unluckily, this fear of rejection and criticism can have venerable and daunting mental and life risks such as:
- Loneliness and misery
- Dejection and depression
- Suicidal disposition
Avoidant personality disorder is a serious disorder that can worsen and have fatal implications. Timely acknowledgment is the best cure for anxious personality. Individuals should help the child and make special attempts to boost up confidence and encourage him or her to take part in sports, especially learning the value of team spirit.
It is best treated in a rehabilitation center that specializes in help with behavior disorders, especially personality disorders. In a treatment facility, therapists and physicians will help the person work through the symptoms and implement various methods to help with socialization.
If this abnormal behavior is not treated during the growing years, it can become difficult to treat later. Years of social phobia and insecurity of being rejected by people can hinder overall well-being in social situations. This kind of situation calls for proper professional help. Professional therapists make use of effective psychoanalysis which can boost self-esteem. Handpicked techniques like cognitive therapy, group therapy and social skill building in the forms of sessions, exercises and trainings may be extremely helpful. Along with psychological help, professionals treat the disorder with proper medication like Phenelzine to boost up mood and help individuals feel better about themselves.