Clonazepam Addiction

Clonazepam in hand

Defining Klonopin

Klonopin (Clonazepam) is used under various conditions such as epilepsy and for treating panic disorders. Klonopin is an FDA approved drug for treatment of atypical and typical absences seizures, akinetic seizures, and myoclonic seizures. Klonopin belongs to the benzodiazepine family and some other members of the family are: Diazepam, Alprazolam, Flunitrazepa and Lorazepam. Klonopin has muscle relaxing, sedating, hypnotic, and anti-convulsant properties.

Klonopin has a rapid onset and peaks at about 4 to 6 hours after oral administration. The drug is highly effective against panic disorders and has comparatively low toxicity, making it one of the most popular benzodiazepines in the market. Pharmacologically, Klonopin enhances the neurotransmitter GABA by modulating GABA (A) receptor. The drug, due to its sedative properties, is also effective against certain types of migraines, initial treatment of mania, and some forms of parasomnia (restless legs syndrome).

Side Effects

Short-Term

  • Drowsiness
  • Confusions
  • Aggression
  • Euphoria
  • Dizziness
  • Hallucinations
  • Short term memory loss
  • Amnesia
  • Loss of libido
  • Lack of motivation
  • Impaired vision
  • Depression
  • Decreased cognitive and motor performance
  • Feeling “hung over” upon ingestion

Long-Term

  • Incontinence
  • Psychosis
  • Liver damage
  • Impulsive behavior
  • Ataxia
  • Behavioral disorders
  • Serious conditions of dysphoria
  • Disinhibition
  • Sexual dysfunction

Klonopin Do’s and Don’ts

Individuals who are suffering from conditions like glaucoma, depression, a history of substance abuse or gastric disorders should consult the physician.

Individuals should be careful with stairs and driving after administering it. The sedative aftereffects may last a bit longer in older adults and people are known to have experienced sedation even after 48 hours of last usage.

Do not use Klonopin if you have existent liver condition or if you are allergic to other benzodiazepines.

Klonopin may be harmful to unborn babies. Individuals should not take the drug during pregnancy as it is a FDA pregnancy category D drug. If you have to administer Klonopin after pregnancy to avoid a seizure, do not breast feed your baby unless you have detoxified yourself off.

Individuals should not share the medication with someone with a history of abuse.

Keep the tablet packed in its blister pack until you decide to consume it. The tablet dissolved fast and you must ensure that your hands are dry when handling the tablet. Do not chew or swallow the tablet directly; let it dissolve in your mouth and then take the remnants with a glass of water. Alternatively, you can drop the tablet in a glass of water, wait for it to dissolve and then drink the mix. Always store the tablet at room temperature or in an airtight container.

Individuals who are allergic to benzodiazepines should not take Klonopin

Addiction and Overdose

Klonopin is often abused because of its sedative properties. Individuals may feel sudden “relaxation” upon consumption. As the drug triggers GABA secretion, it may cause a sudden “trance-like” feelings or feelings of being hypnotized. Withdrawal symptoms may include hallucinations and psychosis.

Klonopin overdose can lead to depression and sudden blackouts. Somnolence, nausea, and coma are also associated with overdose. Extreme cases of overdose can lead to poisoning and even death.

Treatment

Klonopin treatment includes monitoring reparation rates, pulse, blood pressure and gastric lavage. IV fluids are inserted and adequate airways need to be maintained in order to treat overdose/addiction. Flumazenil commonly used to reverse the side effects of Klonopin abuse.

Klonopin addiction is best managed at a rehabilitation center that specializes in Klonopin drug dependency and overdose. Teams of trained physicians and therapists can help individuals overcome Klonopin addiction and help them resume day-to-day living free from drug addiction.

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