Dependent Personality Disorder
Dependent personality disorder is also known as asthenic personality disorder. People suffering from it need others to fulfill their emotional and physical needs. This dependency increases with time and the severity increases if left unmanaged. Very few people are able to fight this chronic disorder and display signs of independence. Rather, people suffering from this have a low self-image. They feel they are incapable or weak compared to others.
Asthenic disorder makes a person feel helpless and incompetent. People suffering from this abbormality look to others for personal fulfillment and tend to act highly submissive in their relationships so as not upset their partner or supposedly give them a reason to separate from them; therefore there is a high probability that this disorder can lead to misunderstandings in relationships. They look for reasons to blame others for their failure. People with this abnormality may not be reliable or responsible. This may get them into trouble at work or in personal relationships. Asthenic disorder also makes people lose faith in themselves and see themselves as incomplete or inadequate without the approval of another’s word. It is more common in women than men. Some other personality disorders are Antisocial, Schozopytal, Schizoid, Borderline, Histrionic, Narcissistic, etc.
Signs and Symptoms
- Blaming others for failures
- Fear of facing the world
- Fear of taking responsibility at work
- Incidents of low accountability
- Fear of being superior to others
- High performance pressure
- Thinking of others as more powerful or reliable
Causes and Risk Factors
Dependent personality disorder usually begins during the early years of childhood. The major causes contributing to the risks of developing abnormality are extreme childhood fears and loss of self-faith. Usually, signs of asthenic disorders are visible at a very young age. Children who are sheltered too much are more vulnerable to this abnormality. The risks contributing to an increased chance of developing this personality disorder include:
- Sheltered lifestyle
- Family history
- Recurring fears and insecurities
- Lack of self-faith and worthiness
People with this disorder often feel weak and unable to rely on their own opinions of themselves, therefore they may cling to others and others’ beliefs. They may jump from one relationship to another so long as they can receive the support and help they desire. The life risks of the asthenic disorder are:
- Other personality disorders
- Self-loathing and depression
- Relationship failures
Dependent personality disorder is difficult to treat. Intervention and counseling are the best mediums to take care of this abnormality, especially if this disorder is coupled with a substance addiction. These people should be helped to realize their worth. Achieving small goals can change their outlook towards life. Group therapy, especially provided in a rehabilitation facility, is very useful in treating the asthenic disorder. It makes these people realize that they are not any less competent and do not need anyone else to make them feel complete. Timely counseling can treat this chronic disorder.