Valium (Diazepam) is a drug used to treat anxiety, muscle spasms, seizures, and alcohol withdrawal when taken properly. It belongs to a class of drugs called benzodiazepines, some other drugs of the same class are: Alprazolam, Clonazepam, Flunitrazepam, Lorazepam. Like most central nervous system depressants and tranquilizers, Valium boosts the effects of GABA, a receptor in the brain with sedative properties necessary for calming the body.
While its main purpose is medicinal, Valium has been used recreationally by mixing with other central nervous system depressants such as opiates and alcohol. During recreational use of Valium people may crush the pill or take it in liquid form. In order to strengthen the effects of Valium, people may also smoke, snort, or inject other drugs along with it, which can lead to fast addiction and possible overdose.
Valium should be taken orally, in pill or liquid form as prescribed. It should be used short-term, for 2 to 4 weeks at a time. Each dosage affects each individual differently. A doctor must always be consulted before changing doses.
- Loss of interest in sex
- Memory loss
- Difficulty breathing
- Decreased pulse
Valium Do’s and Don’t’s
It should be taken only as prescribed. If you miss a dose, do not make up for it by doubling the dosage. Increasing the dosage may lead to addiction and drug dependency.
It should not be taken during breastfeeding as it can excrete into breast milk. A doctor must be informed if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant while on Valium.
It should not be taken while consuming alcohol.
People using Valium may experience severe allergic reactions. Some signs and symptoms of allergic reaction include:
- Difficulty breathing
- Swelling of the face, lips, and tongue
If any of the above symptoms occur, stop use and consult seek urgent medical assistance.
Addiction and Overdose
It is important to take caution when taking Valium as it can be addictive. People may become addicted to Valium so they can continue experiencing its effects or to avoid negative or unpleasant side effects. Additionally, as Valium is considered to be an addictive drug, stopping too abruptly may lead to withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal symptoms due to excessive use include:
- Increased nausea
- Recurrent anxiety and seizures
Valium overdose occurs when the central nervous system becomes so slowed down that it lacks the ability to function normally. In the event of an overdose, call medical help immediately. Signs of overdose include:
- Extreme drowsiness and lethargy
- Muscle weakness
- Loss of consciousness
If you or a loved one is suffering from an addiction to Valium, the help of a drug rehabilitation facility may be most beneficial to ensure a safe and speedy recovery. Trained physicians and therapists use treatments to help people realize that recovery from this addiction is possible.