Dyssomnia Not Otherwise Specified

Dyssomnia Structure


Dyssomnias are a broad range of sleeping disorders that make it tough for individuals to fall or remain asleep. There are different types of dyssomnia and patients often complain about facing difficulty in falling asleep, wakefulness during the night, early morning awakening, feeling sleepy through the day, distorted sleep cycles, and a general disturbance in the amount and quality of sleep.

Dyssomnia may either be a transient phase or a long term phenomenon. Transient dyssomnia may not always be brought about by imbalances such as jet lags, daily stressors, or general anxiety. However, chronic dyssomnia may be brought about by acute stress and can result in irreversible psychological changes. Physical discomfort, caffeine, excess stress, and uneven sleep cycles may be a few reasons behind this sleep disorder.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Insomnia
  • Hypersomnia
  • Disturbed Sleep Cycle
  • Decreased Amount of Sleep
  • Wakefulness or Inability to Sleep
  • Nightmares During Sleep
  • Excessive Sleepiness During Daytime
  • Restlessness

Causes and Risk Factors

Dyssomnia not otherwise specified may be brought about by a number of psychological, social, and environmental factors. Dyssomnia is a documented mental disorder.

The human brain has a limited capacity for handling stress and anxiety and this capacity varies from person to person. Some people are able to handle anxiety while others break down easily. If someone faces more anxiety and stress that he/she can handle, it may alter the functioning of the brain’s neurotransmitters and cause sleep-related disorders.

People who are brought up in stressful environments and those who have had a troubled childhood may be more prone to acquiring this disorder as opposed to people who have had a relatively stable upbringing. Moreover, people who have witnessed traumatic events or experienced a life threatening situation may be susceptible to disorders like dyssomnia.

Genetic mutations and heredity factor into why individuals may suffer from sleep-related mental disorders. Genetics play a major role in deciding the “anxiety threshold” of a human being and goes a long way in determining a person’s personality.

People suffering from dyssomnia (not otherwise specified) are subject to a number of risks:

  • Distress
  • Depression
  • Fatigue
  • Inefficiency at Work
  • Drowsiness During Important Activities


Patients may need to enroll themselves into a related treatment program at a rehabilitation facility. Its treatment is administered at both the physiological and psychological level. Targeted psychotherapy is used to discover and treat the mental reasons underlying the restlessness and anxiety in the patient. After this, the individual is given counseling in order to sail over his/her condition. The patient may also be administered tranquilizers, anti-depressants and medications like benzodiazepines in order to comfort the patient during the treatment process.


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