Insomnia Related to Mood Disorder

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Defining Insomnia Related Mood Disorders

Insomnia is a condition in which people experience an inability to fall asleep. Typically, people suffering from insomnia complain about fatigue during the day, as they are unable to sleep especially during the night. There are a number of mood disorders and mood swings that arise from insomnia.

Lack of sleep and the general fatigue brought about due to insomnia can make a person feel irritable and restless. People often complain about the inability to focus on work, day time sleepiness and general irritability towards regular day to day activities. It can also result in irreversible mood disorders including behavioral changes, personality changes and changes in sleep patterns.

Some of the major mood disorders related to insomnia include bipolar disorder, anxiety disorders and multiple personality disorders.

Signs and Symptoms of Insomnia Related Mood Disorders

Causes and Risk Factors

Insomnia is caused due to a number of factors intermingling with each other. These include a number of social, environmental and psychological factors.

Leading a highly stressful life and facing a traumatic or life-threatening situation are the biggest causes of insomnia. Moving away from a loved one, a sudden divorce, a change of location or being fired are some of the events that can trigger this sleep disorder. Pre-occupation with negative thoughts can make it difficult for someone to fall asleep and this can result in insomnia.

Illness can also cause insomnia. Illness can be uncomfortable and physically irritating, thereby forcing an individual to be awake through the night.

Medication and an alteration of the normal sleep cycle can also result in insomnia. Some anti-depressants can keep patients awake and “energetic” for a very long time. Stimulant drugs like Adderall, or illicit drugs like crystal methamphetamine, temporarily prevent one from getting tired and can lead to long periods of sleeplessness. It can also be caused due to an abrupt change in routines; being jetlagged, a new job, or a new work shift.

People with insomnia are subject to many risks including:

  • Day time sleepiness: Patients often complain of daytime sleepiness. This leads to lack of focus on crucial activities. People often end up falling asleep in the middle of brain-intensive activities like reading or analyzing data. Lack of sleep leads to a lot of distress and general irritability
  • Fatigue: Patients are often fatigued due to lack of quality sleep. This can wreak havoc on the overall health and well-being of the patients
  • Aggressive and irrational behavior: a person’s cognitive abilities are greatly affected by insomnia. This can lead the person into making irrational and impulsive decisions, including aggressive and irritable behavior.
  • Problems with memory: It can lead to cognitive impairment and short term memory loss.
    • Loss of control
    • Tired in day to day routine
    • Underperformance at work
    • Troubled personal relationships
    • Distress
    • Mood disorders
    • Depression
    • Suicidal ideation

Treatment

Insomnia related mood disorders can be treated by prescribing sedatives like sleeping pills and with targeted psychotherapy on the patients, offered by a rehabilitation center. While sedatives can give temporary relief to the patient by inducing sleep, and targeted psychotherapy is a great way of changing the way patients think. Behavioral patterns are can be altered using CBT (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) with the patients, thereby helping them better cope with this sleep disorder.

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