Mood Disorder Treatment
About Mood Disorder Treatment
Mood disorder treatment focuses on stabilizing the otherwise disruptive mood or emotional states of an individual afflicted. Also called affective disorders, mood disorders can be of two types, best described by two extreme spectrums of human behavior i.e. manic and depressive. The following are the most common types - Major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder cyclothymic disorder, and dysthymic disorder.
Mood disorders falling within the broader purview of manic and depressive states require different approaches and plans. Disorders other than the ones mentioned above call for varying approaches like drug induced mood disorders, alcohol induced mood disorders and mood disorders induced due to general medical condition. Broadly speaking, treatment plans of all types can be characterized into two types: medications plan and psychotherapeutic plan.
The most common approach to treating mood disorders is the medical one which functions on prescribing psychiatric drugs (prescription medication) to the individual which focuses more on the persisting symptom rather than the cause. The second most common approach is psychotherapy and counseling, which focuses on a therapeutic interaction between a trained psychotherapist/counselor and the patient. Other approaches to solve mood disorders are dietary changes, regular exercise, enhanced support network, alternative therapies like homeopathy, acupuncture etc. Some other special types of treatments are Eating Disorder Treatment, Executive VIP Treatment, Luxury Rehab, Equine Assisted Psychotherapy etc.
How Mood Disorder Treatment Can Help
Different treatment approaches for mood disorders work at different levels. The prescribed medication approach works at the biological level and changes the level of certain hormones and neurotransmitters responsible for the incidence of the disorders. Different sets of medications are prescribed for manic and depressive disorders. For manic disorders, anti-psychotic drugs, mood stabilizers and/or lithium are prescribed. These drugs prevent the individual from sliding into volatile and impulsive mood states. For depressive disorders, antidepressants are prescribed which help the person from spiraling down into depressive states that may lead to suicide. Prescribed medication must never be stopped abruptly as it may lead to a relapse. Moreover, the individual must not be totally dependent on medication, after a short while of the medication course, psychotherapy and counseling should be followed.
Psychotherapy and counseling work at the psychological level and makes the individual’s mental health and well-being the focus of the recovery plan. Prescribed medicine only mitigates the symptoms while psychotherapy and counseling make the person mentally healthy enough to prevent relapses. Ideally speaking, real recovery begins when therapy starts. There are different kinds of therapies available - the most widely used is cognitive behavioral therapy and psychodynamic therapy. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) tries to restructure the maladaptive thought patterns and behavioral patterns of the individual and helps him or her to attain a better functioning lifestyle. Psychodynamic psychotherapy aims at a deeper analysis of the individual, concentrating more on the childhood. This therapy aims to make the person fully realize sub conscious conflict and reduce the anxiety leading to mood disorders. Other types of solutions like healthy lifestyle, dietary changes, and alternative therapies work well when combined with psychotherapy/counseling or medication.