Narcissistic Personality Disorder

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Definition

Narcissistic Personality Disorder involves an exaggerated perception of self-entitlement. Although it is necessary to look out and think for oneself, individuals with narcissism disorder have a grandiose sense of their own power, and are constantly preoccupied with revolving their lives around these thoughts. Additionally, such individuals feel that they need to be admired and appreciated, and their egocentrism may cause strained relationships with others. Individuals may have difficulty empathizing with others and think about using or exploiting others for personal success. Individuals may be aware of the impact they have on others, but may have difficulty controlling their emotions and reactions towards others. Some other personality disorders are Antisocial, Schizoid, Schizopytal, Borderline, Avoidant, Histrionic, etc.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Thinking very highly of one’s self
  • Imbalanced emotions
  • Excessive and exaggerated boasting of achievements
  • Strained professional and personal relationships
  • Difficulty relating to and empathizing with others
  • Easily jealous or envious of others
  • Hypersensitive to criticism

Causes and Risk Factors

The exact causes of narcissism are unknown. It is most commonly detected in early childhood and the characteristics are evident by adolescence. If left unmanaged, this behavioral disorder may continue throughout adulthood impacting the way individuals view themselves and others. Biological and genetic factors, as well as the relationship between parents and their children are known to impact children’s behavior. Children given an excessive amount of personal attention and, at the other spectrum, children who have been neglected or abused by parents have a higher possibility of developing this behavioral disorder.

Due to the immense difficulty relating to and socializing with others, individuals with this behavioral disorder have a higher inclination towards drug and alcohol abuse. Other risk factors may include:

Treatment

Especially if coupled with drug or alcohol abuse, narcissism disorder symptoms can be managed through the assistance of a drug rehabilitation facility. Physicians and therapists can help pinpoint the root of narcissism, so that individuals realize that substances are not necessary to deal with the emotions.

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