Schizoid Personality Disorder

Personality Disorder Man

Defining Schizoid Disorder

Schizoid disorder is a typical form of personality disorder wherein a person doesn’t feel the need to socialize at all. People suffering from Schizoid disorder are much closed off to others and like to introspect. It is characterized by lack of interest in maintaining social associations and obligations. Such people have a very low tendency towards social interactions, gatherings and dealings.

Another important characteristic of Schizoid disorder is secrecy. This can be explained by a person’s tendency to create a mystery about his life. Such people come across as mysterious, secretive and enigmatic in front of the world. On the contrary, these people are quite elaborate and special in their own inner world. These people find it difficult to acknowledge their loneliness and continue to suffer ignorantly. People suffering from this disorder are capable of performing their day to day activities and maintain peace around them. Some other personailty disorders are Schizotypal, Antisocial, Borderline, Histrionic etc.

Signs and Symptoms of Schizoid Disorder

  • Feeling comfortable in one’s own space all the time
  • Trouble in establishing relationships
  • Difficulty at work with interpersonal associations
  • Trouble in expressing one’s inner feelings
  • Losing the need of having friends
  • Tendency to avoid social situations
  • Mysterious attitude
  • Refusal to acknowledge other’s favors and kind gestures
  • Social withdrawal
  • Less desire to involve in romantic or sexual relationships
  • Portrayal of an emotionally cold behavior all the time
  • Rendering unfriendly signs
  • No motivation to outperform at work or academics
  • Lesser disposition towards appreciation and rewards
  • Speaking in a low tone

Causes and Risks Factors

There are no known reasons for Schizoid disorder. It is usually occurs in adolescents. But the early signs can be observed in children between the ages of 5-10 years. It may occur as a result of a childhood incident at school. Not many children are born with this personality disorder. Many a times, enthusiastic children, when turned down, are observed inclining towards being introverts. Having a parent who is emotionally cold to the child’s needs could also cause Schizoid disorder in the child. The Schizoid personality disorder can worsen proportionally during a person’s growing years as a result of social and delicate personal situations witnessed by the child and gradually lead to personal risks. These risk factors may include:

  • Social fear and anxiety
  • Disappointment in relationships
  • Low self-confidence
  • Family history of personality disorders
  • Loneliness

People with Schizoid personality disorder may come across as introverts and demand to stay in their own comfortable world. Unfortunately, this comfortable numbness can have longstanding and intimidating psychological and life risks, which may consist of:

  • Psychological disorders
  • Depression
  • Suicidal inclination
  • Sexual abuse
  • Death


People with Schizoid disorder do not suffer from hallucinations and are well versed with their surroundings. Also, there is no display of violent signs in their behavior. However, this does not propose that it should be acceptable in a person and ignored to be treated. If Schizoid disorder is not treated in time, it can result into other violent personality.

If you suspect a family member to be suffering from Schizoid personality disorder, help them with counseling therapy and convince them to seek medical aid from a professional. The analysis and treatment is carried out by means of interviewing and talking. One is supposed to open up and talk about experiences and situations. After individual appointments, doctors make use of the group therapy. The use of group therapy is highly effective for its treatment as it motivates a person to enjoy social setups. If counseling is of less impact, various medications (like antipsychotics) are coupled to quicken the results. Several sittings and medication can get a person out of this personality disorder.


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