Schizotypal Personality Disorder

Personality Disorder Woman

Definition

People with schizotypal personality disorder have problems forming relationships. People who suffer from schizotypal disorder have only a few close relationships. Hallmarks of the disorder are the need for isolation, social anxiety, and extreme discomfort with close relationships.

This personality disorder can cause problems in intimate relationships as well as professional associations. People who suffer from schizotypal disorder are uncertain and one can never be sure of their behavior in a social situation. They can also come across as cold and arrogant because of their unemotional behavior. It usually develops during the early years of adolescence. Men and women both may develop it, though the disorder is slightly more common in men. Some other personality disorders are Schizoid, Antisocial, Boderline, Histrionic, etc.

Signs and Symptoms

  • Tendency to be alone all the time
  • Display of loner attitude and having very less friends
  • Social anxiety
  • Inability to give emotional response
  • Display of non-affable attitude
  • Thinking that everybody is mean
  • Facing problems in intimate relationships
  • Losing friends and associations at work
  • Lesser sex drive
  • Trouble in starting a conversation with new people
  • Loss of verbal expression
  • Lesser need to socialize during weekends

Causes and Risk Factors

It starts when a person’s brain begins to develop a certain set patterns of behavior. These patterns may depend upon factors like rearing, social exchanges and academic experiences. There may be a neurochemical basis for this disorder. Childhood loneliness, like loss of a friend, parental maltreatment and many other things can lead to it. The risk factors may include:

  • Loss of sibling during childhood
  • Childhood anxieties or parental negligence
  • Fear of being cheated on
  • Family history
  • Low self-worth

People with it may find peace as well as pleasure in loneliness, but eventually it can begin to create a void in their life. Unemotional social responses can lead to major relationship failures in their life. Unfortunately, this can have harmful consequences such as:

  • Other mental illnesses
  • Depression
  • Thoughts of suicide
  • Death

Treatment

It is difficult to diagnose schizotypal personality disorder, and people with this disorder are very vulnerable to depression due to loneliness. Unemotional behavior is its foremost sign. It should be treated with cognitive group therapy or other professional treatment in a rehabilitation center. Research proves that psychotherapy is better than taking antipsychotic medications like the commonly prescribed Zyprexa or Risperdal. Through proper care, individuals with it can receive treatment to live healthier lives.

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